Vitamins

Folate deficiency: causes

A FOLIC DROP:

  • Alcoholism
  • Folic acid antagonists
  • Oral contraceptives
  • Low dietary intake
  • Infection with Giardia
  • Celiac sprue
  • Dilatin
  • Relative folate deficiency
  • Old
  • Pregnant

Hypervitaminosis A: signs and symptoms

“Increased Vitamin A makes you HARD“:

  • Headache/ Hepatomegaly
  • Anorexia/ Alopecia
  • Really painful bones
  • Dry skin/ Drowsiness

B vitamin names

The Rhythm Nearly Proved Contagious”:

In increasing order:

  • Thiamine (B1)
  • Riboflavin (B2)
  • Niacin (B3)
  • Pyridoxine (B6)
  • Cobalamin (B12)

Infantile Beriberi symptoms

Restlessness

Sleeplessness

Breathlessness

Soundlessness (aphonia)

Eatlessness (anorexia)

Great heartedness (dilated heart)

Alternatively: Get 5 of ’em with BERIBreathless/ Big hearted, Eatless, Restless, Insomnia.

 

Niacin deficiency: signs and symptoms

The famous 4 D’s:

  • Diarrhoea
  • Dermatitis
  • Dementia
  • Death (if untreated)

Vitamin B3 (niacin, nicotinic acid) deficiency: pellagra

The 3 D‘s of pellagra:

  • Dermatitis
  • Diarrhea
  • Dementia

Note vitamin Bis the D’s.

 

Vitamins: which are fat soluble

KADE:

  • Vitamin K
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamin E

 

Vitamins: which are fat soluble

“The FAT cat is in the ADEK (attic)”:

Fat soluble vitamins are A,D,E,K.

 

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